Courtesy of Fresno State Special Collections Research Center, Henry Madden Library. See the Japanese Americans in World War II research guide for more histrical background and resources.

Japanese American Servicemen and Women

Duus, Masayo Umezawa.  Unlikely Liberators: The Men of the 100th and 442nd.  Translated Peter Duus.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987.  

Elms, Matthew.  When the Akimotos Went to War: An Untold Story of Family, Patriotism, and Sacrifice During World War II.  Arlington, VA: American Battle Monuments Commission, 2015.  

John Aiso and the M.I.S.: Japanese-American Soldiers in the Military Intelligence Service, World War II.  Los Angeles: Military Intelligence Service Club, 1988. 

Masuda, Minoru.  Letters from the 442nd: The World War II Correspondence of a Japanese American Medic.  Edited by Hana Masuda and Diane Bridgman.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2008.  D769.31 442nd .M36 2008

McNaughton, James C.  Nisei Linguistics: Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service during World War II.  Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 2006.

Okana, John.  No-No Boy.  Seattle, WA: Combined Asian American Resources Project, 1976.

Tanaka, Chester.  Go For Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese American 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.  San Mateo: JACP, Inc., 1982.

Yamashita, Bruce I.  Fighting Tradition: A Marine’s Journey to Justice.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press; Los Angeles: UCLA Asian American Studies Center, 2003.

General Works

Adams, Ansel, and Wynne Benti.  Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans.  Bishop, CA: Spotted Dog Press, 2002.

Alinder, Jasmine.  Moving Images: Photography and the Japanese American Incarceration.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

Borhan, Pierre.  Dorothea Lange: the Heart and Mind of a Photographer.  Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 2002. 

Cahan, Richard, and Michael Williams.  Un-American: The Incarceration of Japanese Americans During World War II.  Chicago: CityFiles Press, 2016.

Conrat, Maisie.  Executive Order 9066; the Internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans.  San Francisco, CA: California Historical Society, 1972.

Daniels, Roger.  The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Daniels, Roger.  Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II.  New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

De Nevers, Klancy Clark.  The Colonel and the Pacifist: Karl Bendetsen, Perry Saito, and the Incarceration of Japanese Americans During World War II.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2004.

Eaton, Allen H.  Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps.  New York: Harper, 1952.

Fallen, Anne-Catherine and Osborn, Kevin.  Records of Our National Life: American History at the National Archives.  Washington, DC: Foundation for the National Archives, 2009.

Girdner, Audrie.  The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II.  New York: Macmillan, 1969.

Heyman, Thereses Thau.  Dorothea Lange: American Photographs.  San Francisco, CA: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art: Chronicle Books, 1994.

Hayashi, Brian Masaru.  Democratizing the Enemy: The Japanese American Internment. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Inada, Lawson Fusao, ed.  Only What We Could Carry: The Japanese American Internment Experience.  Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2000.

Inouye, Karen.  The Long Afterlife of Nikkei Wartime Incarceration.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2016.

Japanese Americans: From Relocation to Redress.  Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1991.

Lange, Dorothea.  Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese American Internment.  New York: W.W. Norton, 2006.

Murray, Alice.  Historical Memories of the Japanese American Internment and the Struggle for Redress.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008.

Nagata, Donna K.  Legacy of Injustice: Exploring the Cross-generational Impact of the Japanese American Internment.  New York: Plenum Press, 1993.

Ng, Wendy.  Japanese American Internment During World War II: A History and Reference Guide.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Partridge, Elizabeth. Dorothea Lange--A Visual Life. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

Reeves, Richard.  Infamy: The Shocking Story of the Japanese American Internment in World War II.  New York: Henry Holt and Co., 2015.  

Robinson, Greg.  By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Russell, Jan Jarboe.  The Train to Crystal City: FDR’s Secret Prisoner Exchange Program and America’s Only Family Internment Camp During World War II.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 2015.

Smith, Page.  Democracy on Trial: The Japanese American Evacuation and Relocation in World War II.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

United States National Park Service.  Manzanar National Historic Site.  Washington, DC: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 2015.

Law, Civil Rights and Redress

Bannai, Lorraine K.  Enduring Conviction.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2015.

Bangarth, Stephanie.  Voices Raised in Protest: Defending North American Citizens of Japanese Ancestry, 1942-49.  Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 2008.

Collins, Donald E.  Native American Aliens: Disloyalty and the Reunification of Citizenship by Japanese Americans during World War II.  Westport: Greenwood Press, 1985. 

Fukuda, Yoshiaki.  My Six Years of Internment: An Issei’s Struggle for Justice.  San Francisco: Konko Church of San Francisco, 1990.

Hatamiya, Leslie T.  Righting a Wrong: Japanese Americans and the Passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Hirabayashi, Gordon K.  A Principled Stand: The Story of Hirabayashi V. United States.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2013.

Hohri, William Minrou.  Repairing American: An Account of the Movement for Japanese-American Redress.  Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1984. 

Irons, Peter, ed.  Justice Delayed: The Record of the Japanese American Internment Cases.  Middleton: Wesleyan University Press, 1989.

The Japanese-American Internment During World War II: A Discussion of Civil Liberties Then and Now.  Sacramento: Senate Publications, 2000. 

Kessler, Lauren.  Stubborn Twig: Three Generations in the Life of a Japanese American Family.  New York: Random House, 1993. (Contains a chapter that documents Minoru Yasui's civil rights protest of curfew and evacuation.)

Lyon, Cherstin M.  Prisons and Patriots: Japanese American Wartime Citizenship, Civil Disobedience, and Historical Memory.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2012.

Maki, Mitchell, Harry H.L. Kitano, and S. Megan Berthold.  Achieving the Impossible Dream: How Japanese Americans Obtained Redress.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

McClain, Charles, ed.  The Mass Internment of Japanese Americans and the Quest for Legal Redress.  New York: Garland, 1994.

Rawitsch, Mark Howland.  The House on Lemon Street: Japanese Pioneers and the American Dream.  Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2012.

Senate Publications. The Japanese-American Internment During WWII: A Discussion of Civil Liberties Then and Now.  Sacramento, CA 2000.

Shimabukuro, Mira.  Relocating Authority: Japanese Americans Writing to Redress Mass Incarceration.  Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2015.

Shimabukuro, Robert Sadamu.  Born in Seattle: The Campaign of Japanese American Redress.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001.

Tsuchida, Nobuya.  American Justice: Japanese American Evacuation and Redress Cases.  Minneapolis: Asian/Pacific American Learning Resource Center, University of Minnesota, 1988.

United States.  Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.  Personal Justice Denied.  Washington, D.C.: Civil Liberties Public Education Fund; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Administrative Law and Governmental Relations.  Legislation to Implement the Recommendations of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.  Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1998. 

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Subcommittee on Federal Services, Post Office, and Civil Service.  To Accept the Findings and to Implement the Recommendations of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.  Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1987.

Yamamoto, Eric K.  Race, Rights and Reparation: Law and the Japanese American Internment.  Gaithersburg: Aspen Law and Business, 2001.

Assembly/Relocation Centers

Bailey, Paul.  City in the Sun: The Japanese Concentration Camp at Poston, Arizona.  Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1971.

Feeley, Francis M.  America’s Concentration Camps During World War II: Social Science and the Japanese American Internment.  New Orleans, LA: University Press of the South, 1999.

Fiset, Louis.  Camp Harmony: Seattle’s Japanese Americans and the Puyallup Assembly Center.  Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

Mackey, Mike, ed.  A Matter of Conscience: Essays on the World War II Heart Mountain Draft Resistance Movement.  Powell, WY: Western History Publications, 2002.

Nishimoto, Richard S.  Inside an American Concentration Camp: Japanese American Resistance at Poston, Arizona.  Tucson, AZ:University of Arizona Press, 1995.

Okihiro, Gary Y.  Whispered Silences : Japanese Americans and World War II.  Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1996.

Okubo, Miné.  Citizen 13660.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1983.

Riley, Karen L.  Schools Behind Barbed Wire: The Untold Story of Wartime Internment and the Children of Arrested Enemy Aliens.  Lanam, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002.

Takashima, Shizuye.  A Child in Prison Camp.  Plattsburg, NY: Tundra Books, 1971.

Unrau, Harlan D.  Manzanar National Historic Site, California: The Evacuation and Relocation of Persons of Japanese Ancestry During World War II: A Historical Study of Manzanar War Relocation.  Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1996.

Yatsushiro, Toshio.  Politics and Cultural Values: The World War II Japanese Relocation Centers, United State Government.  New York: Arno Press, 1978.

Memoirs, Biographies and Oral Histories

Dempster, Brian Komei.  Making Home from War: Stories of Japanese American Exile and Resettlement.  Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2011.

Fujino, Diane C.  Heartbeat of Struggle: The Revolutionary Life of Yuri Kochiyama.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005.

Fujino, Diane C.  Samurai Among Panthers: Richard Aoki on Race, Resistance, and a Paradoxical Life.  Critical American Studies.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.

Gruenewald, Mary Matsuda.  Looking Like the Enemy:  My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps.  Troutdale, OR: NewSage Press, 2005.

Havey, Lily Yuriko Nakai.  Gasa Gasa Girl Goes to Camp: A Nisei Youth Behind a World War II Fence.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2014. 

Higashide, Seiichi.  Adios to Tears: The Memoirs of a Japanese-Peruvian Internee in U.S. Concentration Camps.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000.

Hirano, Kiyo.  Enemy Alien.  JAM Publications, 1983.

Hirohata, Joyce, and Hirohata, Paul.  Nisei Voices: Japanese American Students of the 1930s, Then and Now.  Oakland, CA: Hirohata Design, 2004.

Hosokawa, Bill.  Nisei: The Quiet Americans Revised Edition.  Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado, 2002.

Imahara, James.  James Imahara, Son of Immigrants.  N.p., 1982.

Jimmy Murakami: Non-Alien.  Video.  New York: Pop Twist Entertainment, 2011.

Nakane, Kazuko.  Nothing left in My Hands: An Early Japanese American Community in California’s Pajaro Valley.  Seattle, WA: Young Pine Press, 1985.

Okimoto, Daniel I.  American in Disguise.  New York: Walker/Weatherhill, 1971.

Oppenheim, Joanne.  Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During World War II and the Librarian Who Made a Difference.  New York: Scholastic Nonfiction, 2006. 

Raineri, Vivian McGuckin.  The Red Angel: The Life and Times of Elaine Black Yoneda, 1906-1988.  New York: International Publishers, 1991.

Robinson, Greg.  After Camp: Portraits in Midcentury Japanese American Life and Politics.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.

Sakamoto, Pamela Rotner.  Midnight in Broad Daylight: A Japanese American Family Caught Between Two Worlds.  New York: Harper, 2016.

Shirai, Noboru.  Tule Lake: An Issei Memoir.  Sacramento: Muteki Press, 2001.

Schrager, Adam.   The Principled Politician: The Ralph Carr Story.  Boulder, CO: Fulcrum Press, 2008.

Soga, Keho.  Life Behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawai’i Issei.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2008. 

Staples, Bill.  Kenichi Zenimura, Japanese American Baseball Pioneer.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Co., 2011.

Suyemoto, Toyo.  I Call to Remembrance: Toyo Suyemoto’s Years of Internment.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2007.

Tateishi, John.  And Justice for All: An Oral History of the Japanese American Detention Camps.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

Uchida, Yoshiko.  Desert Exile: The Uprooting of a Japanese American Family.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982.


Allende, Isabel.  The Japanese Lover: A Novel.  New York: Atria Books, 2015.

Charyn, Jerome.  American Scrapbook.  New York: Viking Press, 1993.

Edmiston, James.  Home Again.  Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1955.                              

Ford, Jamie.  Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet.  New York: Ballantine, 2009.

Hamamura, John.  Color of the Sea.  New York, St. Martin’s Press, 2006.

Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki.  The Legend of Fire Horse Woman.  New York: Kensington, 2003.

Kehoe, Karon.  City in the Sun.  New York: Dodd, Mead, and Co., 1946.

Mirikitani, Janice.  We, The Dangerous.  London: Virago Press, 1995.

Miyakawa, Edward.  Tule Lake.  Waldport, OR: House by the seas Publishing Co., 1979.

Miyamoto, Kazuo.  Hawaii, End of the Rainbow.  Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1968.

Mueller, Marnie.  The Climate of the Country.  Willimantic, CT: Curbstone Press, 1999.

Nakamura, Hiroshi.  Treadmill: A Documentary Novel.  Oakville, ON; Buffalo, NY: Mosaic Press, 1996.

Otsuka, Julie.  The Buddha in the Attic.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011.

Otsuka, Julie.  When the Emperor was Divine.  New York: Random House, 2002.

Parker, Alan.  Come See the Paradise.  DVD.  Beverly Hills: Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 2006. 

Rizzuto, Rahna R.  Why She Left Us: A Novel.  New York: HarperCollins, 1999.

Robertson, Georgia Day.  The Harvest of Hate.  Fullerton: California State University, Oral History Program, 1986.

Roosevelt, Kermit.  Allegiance: A Novel.  New York: Regan Arts, 2015.

Shigekuni, Julie.  A Bridge Between Us.  New York: Anchor, 1995.  PS3569.H4865 B75 1995

Through Innocent Eyes: Writings and Art from the Japanese American Internment.  Los Angeles: Keiro Services Press and the Generations Fund, 1990.

German and Italian Internees

DiStasi, Lawrence, ed.  Una Storia Segreta: The Secret History of Italian American Evacuation and Internment during World War II.  Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2001.

Estlack, Russell.  Shattered Lives, Shattered Dreams: The Untold Story of America’s Enemy Aliens in World War II.  Springfield, UT: Bonneville Books, 2011.

Fox, Stephen.   The Unknown Internment: An Oral History of the Relocation of Italian Americans during World War II.  Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1990. 

Italian American Internment: A Secret Story.  VHS.  New York: New Video Group; New York: A&E Entertainment, 2000.

Krammer, Arnold.  Undue Process: The Untold Story of America’s German Alien Internees.  London: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997. 

Children’s Books

Dallas, Sandra.  Tallgrass. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2007.

Davis, Daniel S.  Behind Barbed Wire: The Imprisonment of Japanese Americans During World War II.  New York: Dutton, 1982. 

Faulkner, Matt.  Gaijin: American Prisoner of War: A Graphic Novel.  New York: Disney Hyperion Books, 2014.

Fremon, David K.  Japanese-American Internment in American History.  Springfield, NJ: Enslow, 1996. 

Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki.  Farewell to Manzanar: A True Story of Japanese American Experience During and After World War II Internment.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973.

Irwin, Hadley.  Kim/Kimi.  New York: M.K. McElderly Books, 1987.

Ishigo, Estelle.  Lone Heart Mountain.  Los Angeles, CA, 1972.

Larson, Kirby.  Dash.  New York: Scholastic Press, 2014.

Marrin, Albert.  Uprooted: The Japanese American Experience During World War II.  New York: Knopf Books for Young Readers, 2016.

Means, Florence Crannell.  The Moved-Outers.  New York: Walker, 1992.

Mochizuki, Ken.  Baseball Saved Us.  New York: Lee and Row, 1993.

Mochizuki, Ken.  Heroes.  New York: Lee and Low Books, 1995.

Moss, Marissa.  Barbed Wire Baseball.  New York: Abrams Books for Young Readers, 2013.

Nagai, Mariko.  Dust of Eden.  Park Ridge, IL: Albert Whitman and Co., 2014.

Oakes, Vanya.  Desert Harvest: A Story of the Japanese in California.  Philadelphia: Winston, 1953.

Oakes, Vanya.  Roy Sato, New Neighbor.  New York: J. Messner, 1955.

Pyle, Kevin C.  Take What You Can Carry.  New York: Henry Holt, 2012.

Savin, Marcia.  The Moon Bridge.  New York: Scholastic, 1992.

Sepahban, Lois.  Paper Wishes.  New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 2016.

Shigekawa, Marlene.  Blue Jay in the Desert.  Chicago: Polychrome, 1993

Sinnott, Susan.  Our Burden of Shame: Japanese-American Internment During World War II.  New York: F. Watts, 1995.

Smith, Icy.  Mei Ling in China City.  Manhattan Beach, CA: East West Discovery Press, 2008.

Stanley, Jerry.  I am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment.  New York: Crown, 1994.

Tunnell, Michael O.  The Children of Topaz: The Story of a Japanese-American Internment Camp.  New York: Holiday House, 1996.

Uchida, Yoshiko.  Journey Home.  New York: Atheneum, 1978.

Uchida, Yoshiko.  Journey to Topaz: A story of the Japanese-American Evacuation.  Berkeley: Creative Arts, 1985.

Welch, Catherine A.  Children of the Relocation Camps.  Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books, 2000.

Wolff, Virginia Euwer.  Bat6.  New York: Scholastic Press, 1998.

Yamasaki, Katie.  Fish for Jimmy: Inspired by One Family’s Experience in a Japanese American Internment Camp.  New York: Holiday House, 2013.

Yancey, Diane.  The Internment of the Japanese.  San Diego: Lucent Books, 2001. 

Yancey, Diane.  Life in a Japanese American Internment Camp.  San Diego: Lucent Books, 1998.

Film and Video

9066 to 9-11: America’s Concentration Camps Then… and Now?  Los Angeles: Japanese American Nation Museum, 2004.

The American Pastime.  Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2007. 

After Silence.  Directed by Lois Shelton and Susan Buster Thomas.  Oley, PA: Bullfrog Films, 2003.

Children of the Camps: The Documentary.  San Francisco, CA: Center for Asian American Media, 1999.

The Color of Honor. San Francisco, CA: Center for Asian American Media, 1988.

Conscience and the Constitution: They Fought on Their Own Battlefield. Seattle, WA: Resisters.com Productions, 2000.

Forced Out: Internment and the Enduring Damage to California’s Cities and Towns.  Sacramento: Asian-Pacific Chamber of Commerce, Central Valley Asian-American Chamber of Commerce, 2003.

Honor & Sacrifice: The Roy Matsumoto Story.  Stourwater Pictures, 2013.

The First Battle: The Battle for Equality in War-Time Hawaii.  Directed by Tom Coffman.  San Francisco: Center for Asian American Media, 2006. 

A Flicker in Eternity: Based on the Diary and Letters of Stanley Hayami.  California State Library, 2012.

Forsaken Fields.  Sacramento, CA: KVIE Inc., 2000.

From a Different Shore: The Japanese-American Experience.  Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 1996.

From a Silk Cocoon.  San Francisco: Center for Asian American Media, 2005.

Fumiko Hayashida: the Woman Behind the Symbol.  Stourwater Pictures, 2009. 

Hidden Internment: The Art Shibayama Story.  Progressive Films, 2004.

Jimmy Murakami: Non Alien.  New York: Pop Twist Entertainment, 2011.

Manzanar.  San Francisco, CA: Center for Asian American Media, 1971.  D 769.8 A6 M3 2006

Nisei Diploma Project: The California State University: Sharing and Celebrating Stories from Nisei Honorary Degree

Recipients.  Long Beach: The California State University, 2011.  disc D769.8.A6 C223 2011

Of Civil Wrongs and Rights: The Fred Korematsu Story.  San Francisco, CA: Center for Asian American Media, 2000. 

Resettlement to Redress.  Sacramento: KVIE, 2006.

Return to the Valley: The Japanese-American Experience After WWII.  KTEH, 2003.

Topaz.  Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah, 1988. 

Toyo’s Camera: Japanese American History during WWII.  Hollywood, California, 2009.

Unfinished Business.  San Francisco: Mouchette Films, 1985.

What It Means to be Free.  Ashland, OR: TTTD Productions, 2004.

The Woman Behind the Symbol.  San Francisco: Kanopy Streaming, 2005.

Yuri Kochiyama: Passion for Justice.  Directed by Patricia Saunders and Rea Tajiri.  New York: Distributed by Women Make Movies, 2008.